Product Code TM 136
Streptococci are spherical, gram-positive bacteria and form a part of the normal commensal flora of the mouth, skin, intestine, upper respiratory tract of humans. Streptococci found in the faeces form the faecal Streptococci and constitute of Streptococci with group D Lancefield antigens. The types include Streptococcus faecalis, Streptococcus faecium, Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus duran. They are low-grade pathogens and rarely cause disease. However, they may cause urinary tract infection in catheterized patients; mixed abdominal wound infections following gut surgery; and endocarditis on abnormal valves. Kenner-Faecal (KF) Medium was developed by Kenner et al for detecting Streptococci in water and food materials. KF Streptococcus Agar Base is recommended by APHA for enumerating faecal Streptococci in food materials. 2,3,5-Triphenyl Tetrazolium Chloride is reduced to insoluble formazan by actively metabolizing cells, resulting in the formation of pink or red colonies. Bacteria resistant to azide, utilize lactose and / or maltose. The acidity so produced changes the colour of the indicator dyes to yellow. Bacterial cells reduce TTC to insoluble formazan, resulting in the formation of pink to red colonies.
for selective isolation and enumeration of faecal Streptococci in surface water by diffect plating or by membrane filter technique
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