GLUCOSE OF MEDIUM (ISO 21528-2:2017)

Product Code TM 2100

  • Description

    Hugh and Leifson developed OF Medium to study oxidative and fermentative metabolism of carbohydrates by gram-negative bacteria. This criterion is used during taxonomic studies of Enterobacteriaceae. Glucose is the most important carbohydrate for use in OF Basal Medium.
    Glucose OF Medium is recommended by ISO Committee. However, certain organisms may metabolize other carbohydrates even if they are unable to utilize dextrose. Degradation of the carbohydrate to acid is indicated by the pH indicator bromothymol blue which changes its colour to yellow. Oxidative utilization takes place when the medium is exposed to air while fermentative utilization occurs under exclusion of air. When a gram-negative organism is inoculated in this medium containing a carbohydrate in duplicate, of which one tube is covered with mineral oil to exclude oxygen and the second tube is uncovered; reactions of differential value can be observed. Fermentative organisms will produce an acid reaction in both the covered and uncovered medium. Oxidative organisms will produce an acid reaction in the uncovered medium and give slight growth without change in the covered medium. Organisms which are not classified either as oxidative or fermentative show no change in the covered medium and an alkaline reaction in the uncovered medium. The acidic reaction of oxidative organisms is more apparent at the surface of the medium that gradually spreads throughout the medium. If the oxidation reaction is weak or slow, an initial alkaline reaction at the surface of the uncovered tube may persist for several days and eventually convert to an acid reaction.

  • Principle

    Recommended for the determination of oxidative and fermentative metabolism of carbohydrates by gram-negative bacteria.

  • Microorganism

    • Acinetobacter baumannii
    • Alcaligenes faecalis
    • Escherichia coli
    • Klebsiella aerogenes
    • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • Salmonella Enteritidis
    • Shigella flexneri
    • Vibrio cholerae
  • Industry

    • NA
  • Regulation

    • NA
  • Pack Size

    • 500 gm
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