CHRISTENSEN CITRATE SULPHITE AGAR, W/ 1.5% AGAR

Product Code TM 2039

  • Description

    Christensen Citrate Sulphite Agar, w/1.5% agar is used for the differentiation of enteric bacilli on the basis of citrate utilization and hydrogen sulphide production in accordance with FDA BAM, 1998. Christensen Citrate Sulphite Agar was formulated by Edwards and Ewing (2,3) as a modification of the Christensen Iron Agar. Christensen reported that all members of genera Escherichia, Enterobacter, Citrobacter and Salmonella as well as Alkalescens-Dispar were capable of utilizing citrate as a source of energy while Shigella species failed to utilize citrate. Organisms that metabolize citrate as a sole source of carbon cleave citrate to oxaloacetate and acetate via the citritase enzyme. Another enzyme, oxaloacetate decarboxylase, then converts oxaloacetate to pyruvate and CO2. Further, this CO2 combines with sodium and water to form sodium carbonate, an alkaline compound. As a result, the pH of medium rises and the indicator, phenol red changes from orange red to cerise. Presence of the cerise colour indicates a positive finding for citrate utilization.
    Care should be taken while inoculating, as, a too heavy inoculum may give a false positive result. The reduction of ferric ammonium citrate to iron sulphide by H2S producing organisms is indicated by blackening of the medium. Sodium thiosulphate enhances H2S production. Strong positive cultures upon prolonged incubation turn the entire butt black.
    According to FDA BAM, recovery of Shigella is done in two different ways. First is the conventional method wherein the organism is grown in a selective media such as Shigella Broth Base with novobiocin, isolated in selective media such as MacConkey Agar and further confirmed using biochemical tests. In the second method, Shigella is identified using DNA hybridization technology. In the conventional method, the organisms isolated in selective agar are confirmed using various biochemical reactions including citrate utilization test. For citrate utilization test, inoculate the isolated colonies into Christensen Citrate Sulphite Agar, w/1.5% agar. Shigella does not utilize citrate and give negative citrate utilization reaction.

  • Principle

    For differentiation of enteric bacilli on the basis of citrate utilization and hydrogen sulphide production in accordance with FDA BAM, 1998

  • Microorganism

    • Enterobacter aerogenes
    • Escherichia coli
    • Klebsiella pneumoniae
    • Salmonella Enteritidis
    • Salmonella Typhimurium
    • Shigella boydii
    • Shigella dysenteriae
  • Industry

    • NA
  • Regulation

    • NA
  • Pack Size

    • 500 gm
  • Downloads

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