Product Code TM 314
Eosin Methylene Blue (EMB) media were originally devised by Holt-Harris and Teague and further modified by Levine. The above media are combination of the Levine and Holt-Harris and Teague formulae which contains peptic digest of animal tissue and phosphate as recommended by Levine and two carbohydrates as suggested by Holt-Harris and Teague.
EMB Broth has a similar composition as EMB Agar except agar. Methylene blue and Eosin-Y inhibit gram-positive bacteria to a limited degree. These dyes serve as differential indicators in response to the fermentation of carbohydrates. The ratio of eosin and methylene blue is adjusted approximately to 6:1. Sucrose is added to the medium as an alternative carbohydrate source for typically lactose-fermenting, gram-negative bacilli, which on occasion do not ferment lactose or do so slowly. The coliforms produce purplish black broth due to taking up of methylene blue-eosin dye complex, when the pH drops. Non-fermenters probably raise the pH of surrounding medium by oxidative deamination of protein, which solubilizes the methylene blue-eosin complex resulting in colourless broth. Some strains of Salmonella and Shigella species do not grow in the presence of eosin and methylene blue.
for isolation of gram-negative enteric bacteria from clinical and non-clinical specimens
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