Product Code TM 074
Columbia Agar Base is a nutritionally rich formula containing 5% defibrinated blood, which provides more nutrients and capability of displaying haemolytic reactions. Columbia Blood Agar Base is utilized as a base for preparation of media containing blood and in selective media preparations where various combinations of antimicrobial agents are used as additives. Ellner et al formulated the medium and found that the combination of peptones used gave more rapid and abundant growth of Streptococci, Staphylococci, Neisseria and Haemophilus with better-defined haemolytic reactions.
Columbia C.N.A. Agar Base is prepared with the same formula as Columbia Agar Base with the addition of 10 mg/litre of colistin and 15 mg/litre of nalidixic acid to inhibit the growth of gram-negative bacteria and to support the growth of Staphylococci, haemolytic Streptococci and Enterococci when supplemented with 5% blood.
Sheep blood allows detection of haemolytic reactions and supplies X-factor necessary for the growth of many bacterial species. Horse blood supplies X-factor and V-factor, therefore is mostly preferred in most laboratories. Yeast extract and cornstarch serve as energy source and neutralizer respectively.
It should be noted that this medium has relatively high carbohydrate content and, therefore, beta-hemolytic streptococci may produce a greenish hemolytic reaction that may be mistaken for alpha haemolysis. The addition of the antimicrobial agents, colistin (or polymyxin B) and nalidixic acid, renders the medium selective for gram-positive microorganisms. Colistin and nalidixic acid disrupt the cell membrane of gram-negative organisms, whereas nalidixic acid blocks DNA replication in susceptible gram-negative bacteria
Columbia C.N.A. Agar Base with addition of blood gives selective isolation of gram-positive cocci, Staphylococci and Streptococci, particularly when gram-negative bacilli are present and tend to overgrow on conventional blood agar plates. Also used for selective isolation of Gardnerella vaginalis. This medium supports growth of Brucella abortus, Yersinia pestis, Clostridium perfringens and all commonly occurring Enterobacteriaceae without addition of blood.
for selective isolation of gram positive cocci from clinical and non clinical samples
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