Product Code TM 225
MIL Medium is prepared as per the formulation of Reller and Merrett. It is a highly useful medium in the identification of Enterobacteriaceae as it provides four differential reactions in a single culture tube. It is recommended to be used along with Triple Sugar Iron Agar (TSI) and Urea Agar so as to enable presumptive identification of members of Enterobacteriaceae from faecal specimens.
When inoculated with an organism that ferments dextrose, acids are produced that lower the pH, causing the indicator in the medium to change from purple to yellow. The acidic pH also stimulates decarboxylase enzyme activity. Organisms that possess a specific decarboxylase degrade the amino acid provided in the medium, yielding a corresponding amine. Lysine decarboxylation yields cadaverine. The production of these amines elevates the pH and causes the medium in the bottom portion of the tube to revert to a purple color. The medium in the upper portion of the tube remains acidic because of the higher oxygen tension. If the organism being tested does not produce the required decarboxylase, the medium remains yellow (acidic) throughout or yellow with a purple or red reaction near the top. Lysine deamination produces a colour change in the upper portion of the medium. Oxidative deamination of lysine yields a compound that reacts with ferric ammonium citrate, producing a burgundy red or red-brown color in the top centimeter of the medium (the bottom portion of the medium remains acidic). This reaction can only be detected if lysine decarboxylase is not produced, which is the case with Proteus, Morganella and Providencia species. Indole is produced in this medium by organisms that possess the enzyme tryptophanase. Tryptophanase degrades typtophan present in the casein peptone, yielding indole. It can be detected in the medium by adding Kovacs reagent to the agar surface. Indole combines with the p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde of Kovacs reagent and produces a red complex.
Cultures are stab-inoculated and incubated at 37?C for 18-24 hours. Motility, lysine deamination and lysine decarboxylation reactions are read before testing indole reaction, since addition of Kovacs reagent causes the colour of the medium to change to yellow. Therefore, positive lysine decarboxylase reaction could be misinterpreted as negative.
for identifcation of members of Enterobacteriaceae on the basis of motility, lysine decarboxylase, lysine deaminase and indole production
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