Product Code TM 790
Many species of bacteria possess enzymes capable of decarboxylating specific amino acids in the test medium releasing alkaline-reacting amines and carbon dioxide as byproducts. The decarboxylase activity of Enterobacteriaceae is most commonly measured with Moeller Decarboxylase Broth. This medium was formulated by Moeller for detecting the production of lysine and ornithine decarboxylase and arginine dihydrolase. Prior to Moellers work, bacterial amino acid decarboxylases were studied by Gale and Gale and Epps. Decarboxylase media are also recommended by standard methods for identification of bacteria. Moeller Decarboxylase Broth with lysine hydrochloride is used for differentiating bacteria on their ability to decarboxylate lysine hydrochloride.
Decarboxylation of lysine yields cadaverine. Formation of the amine cadaverine increases the pH of the medium, changing the colour of the indicator from yellow to purple. If the organisms do not produce the appropriate enzyme, the medium remains acidic, yellow in colour. Each isolate to be tested should also be inoculated into the basal medium tube lacking the amino acid. After incubation, a decarboxylase test may show two layers of different colours, yellow and purple. Shake the tube gently before interpreting the results. Inoculated tubes must be protected from air with a layer of sterile mineral oil. Exposure to air may cause alkalinization at the surface of the medium which makes the test invalid.
for differentiation of bacteria on the basis of their ability to decarboxlyate L-Lysine hydrochloride
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