Product Code TM 789
Moeller Decarboxylase Broth with Arginine hydrochloride is used for differentiating gram-negative enteric bacilli on the basis of their ability to decarboxylate L-Arginine hydrochloride. Decarboxylase Broth was introduced by Moeller for detecting the production of lysine and ornithine decarboxylase and arginine dihydrolase. Prior to Moellers work, bacterial amino acid decarboxylases were studied by Gale and Gale and Epps. Decarboxylase media are also recommended by standard methods for identification of bacteria.
Acid produced stimulates decarboxylase enzyme. Arginine is first hydrolyzed to ornithine which is then decarboxylated to form putrescine. Formation of the amine putrescine increases the pH of the medium, changing the colour of the indicator from yellow to purple. If the organisms do not produce the appropriate enzyme, the medium remains acidic, yellow in colour. Each isolate to be tested should also be inoculated into the basal medium tube lacking the amino acid. After incubation, a decarboxylase test may show two layers of different colours, yellow and purple. Shake the tube gently before interpreting the results.
Inoculated tubes must be protected from air with a layer of sterile mineral oil. Exposure to air may cause alkalinization at the surface of the medium which makes the test invalid.
for differentiation of bacteria on the basis of their ability to decarboxlyate L-Arginine hydrochloride
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