Product Code TM 1333
Listeria monocytogenes is the only species of the Listeria genus that causes Listeriosis in human, however occasionally L. seeligeri , L. welshimeri and L. ivanovii have been related with human diseases. Microbiological and epidemiological evidence from both sporadic and epidemic cases of listeriosis has show that the principal route of transmission is via the consumption of foodstuffs contaminated with L. monocytogenes.
L. monocytogenes is a well-documented food borne pathogen because of its high morbidity on infection to animals and humans and also due to its psychrotrophic nature exhibiting high tolerance to heat, cold and desiccation. The organism has been isolated from commercial dairy and other food processing plants, and is ubiquitous in nature, being present in a wide range of unprocessed foods and in soil, sewage, silage and river water. Listeria species grow over a pH range of 4.4-9.6, and survive in food products with pH levels outside these parameters. Listeria species are microaerophilic, gram-positive, asporogenous, non-encapsulated, non-branching, regular, short, motile rods. Motility is most pronounced at 20?C.Food samples are often contaminated with organisms other than Listeria, which makes its isolation difficult. To recover low numbers of L. monocytogenes from food samples, initial enrichment is required. Listeria Enrichment Broth was modified by adding buffering strength thereby making it possible for the medium to be used successfully in conjunction with DNA probe and other methods that are more sensitive than conventional culture procedure. This medium is also recommended by APHA for the selective enrichment of L. monocytogenes.
According to FDAs enrichment procedure for isolation of L. monocytogenes from dairy products, the sample to be tested is inoculated in enrichment broth and incubated at 30?C for 4 hours without the selective supplement. After 4 hours the selective supplement is added and further kept for incubation for additional 44 hours at 30?C. After 24 hours and 48 hours the enriched culture is streaked on Oxford Listeria Medium Base and LPM Agar/ Listeria Identification Agar Base, PALCAM and incubated at 35?C for 24-48 hours. Presumptive Listeria colonies are selected and colonies are further purified on Tryptone Soya Yeast Extract Agar. Purified isolates are then subjected to a variety of biochemical tests to confirm the presence of L. monocytogenes.
for selective isolation of Listeria monocytogenes
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