Product Code TM 699
Bacteriological Examination of water samples to determine its suitability for drinking and other domestic purpose has traditionally been done by the most probable number (MPN) procedures or the membrane filter (MF) technique. Although these methods have been useful, disadvantages such as space and time requirements prompted the idea of simply testing for the presence or absence of indicator bacteria. The presence of enteric pathogens in drinking and recreational waters is of great concern to public health. Therefore, interest in presence absence methods for determining the microbiological quality of drinking water has increased. The presence of total coliforms, faecal coliforms or Escherichia coli is well recognized as an indication of unsafe or poor water quality for which corrective measures should be taken. Coliform Broth is recommended for the isolation and cultivation of coliform organisms from cream, yogurt and raw milk.
Coliform PA Broth is used for the determination of presence or absence of coliforms during detection of pollution in treated water from treatment plants or distribution systems. Weiss and Hunter proposed a simple procedure for the bacteriological examination of treated water that should be free of pollution. Later Presence-Absence (P-A) test was developed by Clark as the simplified version of the test, which is based on the principle that coliforms and other bacterial indicators of pollution should not be found in 100ml sample of treated water. However, the common connotation of ?absence? can be misleading in the case of injured bacteria that are frequently present in treated drinking water systems and fail to produce a positive test on established media. P-A test has proved to be better than MF (Membrane filter) and FT (Multiple fermentation tube) methods. Coliform P-A broth is adaptable for screening of sample for the presence of alternative indicator organisms.
The P-A analysis of drinking water for total coliforms can entail 100 ml of sample added to 50 ml of triple strength Coliform P-A Broth (M1051) in 250 ml bottles. Bottles containing aliquots of the water sample to be tested are incubated and the results observed. A distinct yellow colour results from the fermentation of lactose and gas production can be detected as bubbles with gentle shaking.
for determination of presence or absence of coliform bacteria in treated water
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